The american museum was opened to public on 1 July in 1961 by the four colleagues Dr. Dallas Pratt, John Judkyn, Nick Bell Knight and Ian McCallum. The four colleagues started a Transatlantic alliance because they lived in different countries and states. Already in 1956 did Dallas Pratt and John Judkyn consider to establishing a museum of America in Britain after they visited several historic houses and and ‘living history’ museums in the United states.
What I learned most about in the American museum was about The underground railroad and the slavery. I thought it was really interesting and fascinating how the loose network of people that thought that slavery was so wrong, could help so many slaves. They thought that every freed slave was a victory against slavery organised what became known as the Underground Railroad. This ran from the South through Philadelphia and New York and terminating in Canada. Escapees were led by conductors, usually at night time. Many of these were Quaker abolitionists. Some were freed slaves who risked a lot by returning to the South. The safe places were like a station and indicated by visual markers, such as a lit lantern hanging on a hitching post, quilts with particular patterns hanging on an outside line may also have been used to communicate messages. One of the former slave conductors was Harriet Tubman. She undertook about 19 railroad missions and rescued 300 slaves, including her own parents. Harriet was ruthless, she draw a gun on the very people she was helping if they exhausted or had second thoughts and said “Live north, or die here”. In the civil war she served as a spy behind Confederate lines and as a Union cook.
The group thought that the garden was the most interesting thing with the american museum and I share their opinion. The garden was very beautiful and very well maintained. With all their flowers and plants. This time we visited the museum at the fall so we didn’t have the luck to see all the flowers be in bloom. But I thought it was beautiful anyways.